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Infromation about Bulgaria





The Republic of Bulgaria is a state in Southeastern Europe. It is located in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula and it covers 22% from its territory. Its area is 110 910 km², and the population - about 7 640 000 individuals (2007). The capital of the state is city of Sofia.

Bulgaria is bordered on the east by the Black Sea, on the south by Greece and Turkey, on the west by the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia and on the north by Romania. The total length of the frontier is 2245 km., wherefrom 1181 km is land, 686 km — river (mainly along Danube river) and 378 km — sea.

The Bulgarian state in Southeastern Europe originates in 7th century, when it was found the First Bulgarian State (632/681–1018). It played an important role in the dissemination of Christianity, literature and culture among the nations in Eastern Europe. Few centuries later, with the decline of the Second Bulgarian State (1185–1396/1422), the country was annexed to the Ottoman Empire and remained part of it within five centuries. The Russian-Turkish War 1877-1878 leaded to the formation of the Third Bulgarian State. After the Second World War the country became part of the Eastern block and the communist regime was established therein. In 1990 in Bulgaria was restored the parliament democracy and today the country is a member of the European Union and NATO.

Pursuant to the Constitution dd. 1991 Bulgaria is a Parliament Republic. The national symbols of the Bulgarian state are the flag, the anthem, the state coat of arms and Guards of the Republic.

The Bulgarian Parliament – the National Assembly consists of 240 deputies, elected for a period of 4 years. The Parliament is responsible for the acceptance of laws, approval of budget, setting down for presidential elections, the election and diselection of the prime minister and other ministers, announcement of war, disposition of forces out of Bulgaria and ratification of international contracts and agreements.

The President of the Republic is directly elected for a 5-year term being entitled to one reelection. He is a head of state, supreme commander of the armed forces and chairman of the National Security Advisory Council. Even though, he has no legislative power or initiative, the president may return a bill for reconsideration, notwithstanding the Parliament may reject the veto by simple majority upon voting. The president has a vice-president elected together with him upon the elections.

Since 1999 the Republic of Bulgaria has been administratively separated in 28 districts: Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Varna, Veliko Tarnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Gabrovo, Dobrich, Kardzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofia City District, Sofia District, Stara Zagora, Targovishte, Haskovo, Shumen, Yambol. All of them are named after their district center, as the capital itself forms a separate district. Before that from 1987 to 1999 the country was divided in 9 districts.

The tourism in Bulgaria is one of the main factors for formation of the Gross Domestic Product of the country. Every year the number of visitors in our country grows, and there are prognoses that their number shall reach 20 million up to 2010-2011. Most tourists either orientate to our winter resorts or to the summer one according to the season. It is also considerable the number of tourists passing through Sofia. There are great perspectives available for tourism development in our country as it has a potential due to the natural, cultural and historical sights. Therefore the state has a stake in the improvement of infrastructure. The country, historical, eco and cultural tourism remain still in the background.